English Scope and Sequence

Click on the PACE range title to open the scope and sequence text. Click the title again to close the text.

 

Primary and secondary pre-credit level PACEs

Secondary credit level PACEs

English 1001-1012

1001 – 1012

1001 Write beginning and ending sounds; read and write with the th sounds; read and write sentences

1002 Write beginning and ending sounds; read and write with the wh sound; read and write sentences

1003 Read and write the short a sound words; read and write with the sh sound; read and write sentences

1004 Read and write a sound words; read and write the long a sound words; read and write sentences

1005 Read and write the short e sound words; read and write with the ch sound; read and write sentences

1006 Read and write the long e sound words; add s and ing endings; read and write sentences

1007 Read and write short i sound words; learn to add s, ing, and ed to words; read and write sentences

1008 Read and write long i sound words; read and write long y sound words; read and write sentences

1009 Read and write short o sound words; read and write long oo sound words; read and write sentences

1010 Read and write long o sound words; read and write long ow sound words; read and write sentences

1011 Read and write short and long u sound words; read and write short oo sound words; read and write sentences

1012 Read and write ow and oo sound words; read and write ng and ck sound words; read and write sentences

English 1013-1024

1013 – 1024

1013 Write small and big letters in order (lower and upper case); review sounds of the letters; review words; learn vowels

1014 Learn word endings: s, ed, ing, and er; learn about telling and asking sentences; learn about capitals; learn about ending punctuation: period (full stop) and question mark

1015 Write two words together; learn when to use is and are, was and were; learn when to use capitals, a period (full stop), or a question mark; write asking sentences; answer questions

1016 Learn to use the vowels: a, e, i, o, u; learn to use a, an and I; learn words that are opposites (antonyms)

1017 Learn to write the name of things; read sentences and answer questions

1018 Learn the days of the week and the months; learn about dates; learn to use a period (full stop), a question mark and an exclamation mark; learn to write abbreviations

1019 Learn to understand pictures; put words in the right order; learn words which tell more about a thing (adjectives); learn about acting words (verbs)

1020 Learn more about opposite words (antonyms); learn about words that mean the same (synonyms); read and tell about the story; read and tell how the story ends

1021 Learn about some words that have two meanings (homonyms); learn about some phrases; learn when to use the words no or any, can or may, is or are, and does or do

1022 Learn words that sound alike but are not spelled alike (heteronyms); read sentences

1023 Learn about quotation marks; learn to use apostrophes; learn to write sentences; learn when to use to, too or two

1024 Learn about words that rhyme; learn about poems; learn how to write personal letters

English 1025-1036

1025 – 1036

1025 Review the alphabet and its sounds; learn the vowels and consonants; learn to put words in alphabetical order from A to Z; learn to write small cursive letters

1026 Learn to write sentences; learn about telling and asking sentences; learn about sentences which show strong feeling; learn when to use a period (full stop), question mark and an exclamation point; learn to write small cursive letters

1027 Learn about nouns; learn to make nouns plural; learn about common and proper nouns; learn to write cursive letters together

1028 Learn compound words; learn some pronouns; learn to write cursive letters together

1029 Learn about words which tell: which one, how many, what kind, whose; learn to write words in cursive

1030 Learn about acting words (verbs); learn about state-of-being words (verbs); learn to write capital letters in cursive

1031 Learn about words that are opposites (antonyms); learn about words that mean the same (synonyms); learn to write capital letters in cursive

1032 Learn words which sound alike but have different spellings and meanings (homonyms); learn to write names in cursive

1033 Learn about some words that can name a thing and also show an action; learn about some words that show how things go together (prepositions); learn when to start a word with a capital letter

1034 Learn when to use one word or the other: a or an, learn or teach, sit or set, let or leave, there or their, its or it’s, can or may; learn to use quotation marks and commas; learn to write sentences in cursive

1035 Learn when to use one word or the other: to, too or two, is or are, was or were, has or have, does or do; learn how to use an apostrophe; learn abbreviations; learn to write paragraphs in cursive

1036 Learn to write sentences and paragraphs; learn to write letters and address envelopes; learn about poems

English 1037-1048

1037 – 1048

1037 Review cursive writing; learn about vowels and consonants, and their sounds; learn to put words in alphabetical order; learn to find words in a dictionary

1038 Learn about sentences: declarative, interrogative and exclamatory; learn when to use a period (full stop), question mark and exclamation point

1039 Learn about nouns: common and proper, singular and plural, subject nouns

1040 Learn about action and state-of-being verbs; review subject nouns

1041 Learn about pronouns and adjectives

1042 Learn about adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections

1043 Learn to use an apostrophe in contractions and in words which show possession; learn when to use a capital letter

1044 Learn when to use a comma, a colon, quotation marks; learn abbreviations

1045 Learn words which: have opposite meanings (antonyms), have the same meanings (synonyms) and sound alike but have different spellings and meanings (homonyms)

1046 Learn when to use: to, too or two, let or leave, its or it’s, there, their, or they’re, your or you’re, is or are, isn’t or aren’t, was or were, wasn’t or weren’t, has or have, hasn’t or haven’t, does or do, doesn’t or don’t, a or an, learn or teach, sit or set, lie or lay, rise or raise

1047 Learn when to use the: may or can, there is or there are; learn to use helping words with certain verbs

1048 Review how to write sentences and paragraphs; learn telephone manners; learn how to be polite; learn how to write friendly letters, business letters and postcards; learn to address envelopes

English 1049-1060

1049 – 1060

1049 Review cursive writing, letter sounds and alphabetical order; learn more about the use of a dictionary; review the three kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, exclamatory

1050 Learn about common and proper nouns; learn about singular and plural nouns; learn about subject nouns

1051 Learn about verbs: action, state-of-being, ownership; helping verbs, principal parts of verbs

1052 Learn about irregular verbs; review nouns, subject nouns and verbs; learn to diagram subject nouns and verbs; learn to use singular subject nouns and their verbs; learn to use plural subject nouns and their verbs

1053 Learn about pronouns: subjective case , objective case, possessive case; personal, interrogative, demonstrative and indefinite pronouns

1054 Review compound nouns and subject nouns; review action verbs and verb phrases; review personal pronouns; learn direct objects; learn to diagram direct objects

1055 Learn about complete subjects and predicates; learn about simple subjects and predicates; review direct objects; learn about pronouns as subjects and direct objects; review state-of-being verbs; learn about predicate nouns and pronouns

1056 Review cursive writing; review complete subjects and complete predicates; review simple subjects and simple predicates; review direct objects, predicate nouns, and predicate pronouns; review adjectives; learn to recognize predicate adjectives; diagram predicate adjectives

1057 Learn the ways to compare adjectives; learn about adverbs; learn the ways to compare adverbs; learn to see the difference between adjectives and adverbs; learn to diagram adjectives and adverbs

1058 Learn about prepositions; learn about conjunctions; learn about interjections; review the four forms of sentences; learn when to use: may or can, let or leave, learn or teach, sit or set, lie or lay, rise or raise

1059 Review capitalization; review punctuation: period (full stop), question mark, exclamation mark, quotation marks, comma, colon, underline

1060 Learn when to use an apostrophe: contractions, possessives; learn about synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, heteronyms; learn about complete sentences and sentence fragments; learn to write interesting paragraphs; learn to write friendly and business letters

English 1061-1072

1061 – 1072

1061 Review cursive writing; review vowel and consonant sounds; use a dictionary to find parts of speech and root words; learn synonyms, antonyms, homonyms and heteronyms; learn complete subject and complete predicate; learn simple subject and simple predicate

1062 Review cursive writing; review nouns: common, proper, collective, compound, singular and plural, singular and plural possessives, nouns in apposition

1063 Review verbs: action, linking, helping verbs and verb phrases; learn direct and indirect object nouns; learn predicate nouns and predicate adjectives

1064 Learn personal pronouns: subject and possessive, pronouns and antecedents, interrogative, demonstrative, relative, reflexive, indefinite singular and plural

1065 Learn to form the principal parts of regular verbs; memorize the principal parts of irregular verbs; learn three ways verbs show time: present, past and future tense

1066 Learn to form the present, past and future perfect tenses; learn to form all six tenses of a verb; review some verbs which often cause trouble: learn or teach, sit or set, lay or lie, rise or raise; learn about subject and verb agreement

1067 Learn more about adjectives; learn more about adverbs; learn to use adjectives and adverbs when comparing; learn more about prepositions and prepositional phrases; learn more about coordinating conjunctions; learn more about interjections; practise diagramming

1068 Review complete subjects and complete predicates; review the eight parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, interjections, conjunctions; learn more about sentence patterns; learn to diagram sentences

1069 Review capitalization; review end punctuation: period (full stop), question mark, exclamation point; learn more abbreviations; learn other punctuations: comma, quotation marks, underline, semicolon, colon, apostrophe, hyphen

1070 Learn about sentences: complete sentences and sentence fragments, simple and compound sentences, declarative, interrogative, exclamatory and imperative sentences; learn to improve sentences by using: interesting verbs, exact nouns, adjectives, comparisons, adverbs, prepositional phrases; learn about subject and verb agreement in sentences; learn about negative words

1071 Learn what sentences are made up of: words, phrases, clauses; learn to write interesting paragraphs

1072 Review punctuation and capitalization rules; write friendly and business letters; learn to prepare an outline; learn to write several interesting paragraphs about one idea

English 1073-1084

1073 – 1084

1073 Learn about complete sentences and sentence fragments; learn about declarative, interrogative, exclamatory and imperative sentences; learn about action and linking verbs, learn about action and linking verbs; learn about subjects that perform the action and subjects that receive the action;

1074 Review action and linking verbs; learn and use the four principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; learn how to form and use the simple tenses of a verb

1075 Learn the perfect tenses of verbs; review the six tenses of verbs; learn to conjugate verbs in all tenses; learn the progressive forms of verbs; learn to use troublesome verbs correctly

1076 Learn about exact nouns, compound nouns and collective nouns; learn the functions of nouns; form the plurals of nouns; make nouns show possession; learn the functions of verbs: carry action, complete action, link; learn how nouns and verbs work together in sentence patterns

1077 Learn about personal pronouns n three cases and the jobs they do; learn about other pronouns: demonstrative, interrogative, relative, reflexive, indefinite; learn that pronouns must agree with their antecedents and with their verbs

1078 Learn about adjectives: indefinite pronouns as adjectives, nouns and adjectives, participles as adjectives, predicate adjectives; learn about adverbs; learn about the comparative degrees of adjectives and adverbs; learn about prepositions, conjunctions and interjections

1079 Review the eight parts of speech; learn to identify five sentence patterns: subject-action verb (N-AV), subject-action verb-direct object (N-AV-N), subject-linking verb-predicate nominative (N-LV-N), subject-linking verb predicate adjective (N-LV-A), subject-action verb-indirect object-direct object (N-AV-n-N); learn to diagram these five sentence patterns

1080 Review some uses for the principal parts of a verb; learn some other uses for the principal parts of a verb: infinitives, participles, gerunds; learn about phrases; learn about dependent and independent clauses; learn to diagram simple, compound and complex sentences

1081 Learn and practise rules for capitalization; learn and practise punctuation rules: end punctuation, period (full stop), comma, quotation marks, underline, semicolon, colon, apostrophe, hyphen, dash

1082 Learn how sentences vary: in the ways they are used, in word order, when the voice of the verb changes, in the kinds we use; review sentence patterns; learn ways to improve our sentences; review capitalization and punctuation rules; learn to proofread our writing; learn to write friendly letters and business letters; write and mail a friendly letter

1083 Learn to use the dictionary as a study tool; learn about the structure of a paragraph: the first word is indented, it covers only one idea, the topic is stated in the topic sentence, the last sentence often restates the topic; learn how to write an interesting paragraph by using examples and details

1084 Review five sentence patterns: subject-action verb (N-AV), subject-action verb-direct object (N-AV-N), subject-linking verb-predicate nominative (N-LV-N), subject-linking verb predicate adjective (N-LV-A), subject-action verb-indirect object-direct object (N-AV-n-N); review simple, compound and complex sentences; review sentence variety; review paragraph structure; learn to outline as an aid to writing; write three paragraphs from an outline

English Grammar 1-12

Grammar 1-12

Unit 1 Parts of Speech – Nouns – Definition of Grammar; Why study Grammar? The Elements of Grammar; Definition of Nouns; Articles and Nouns; Proper and Common Nouns; Number; Gender; Subject Nouns; Diagramming Subject and Predicate

Unit 2 Parts of Speech – Nouns continued; Punctuation – Apostrophes – Case: Subjective, Objective, Possessive; Apostrophes and Possession; Apostrophes and Contraction; Other Rules for Apostrophes; Punctuation Rules; Capitalisation; End Punctuation

Unit 3 Parts of Speech – Action Verbs – Doing vs. Being; Finding the subject (review); finding the verb; Types of action, including having; Verb Phrases; Subject and Predicate (review); Diagramming Subject (noun) and Predicate; Transitive and Intransitive; Indirect Objects; Sentence Patterns with Action Verbs; Diagramming sentence patterns with action verbs

Unit 4 Parts of Speech – Adjectives; Punctuation – Commas; Parts of Speech – Linking Verbs – Adjectives – definition; Articles as Adjectives; Numbers as Adjectives; Other Adjectives; Multiple Adjectives; Introduction to comma rules; Doing vs. Being; Linking the Subject to an Adjective; Linking the Subject to a Noun; Sentence Patterns with Linking Verbs; Action Verb phrases with Linking helping (auxiliary) verbs; Linking verbs that look like action verbs; Diagramming Sentence Patterns with Linking Verbs

Unit 5 Parts of Speech – Adverbs; Punctuation – commas – Adverbs describing verbs; Adverbs describing adjectives; Adverbs describing adverbs; Punctuation

Unit 6 Parts of Speech – Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases – Definition of a Preposition; Prepositional Phrases; Prepositional Phrases acting as adjectives; Prepositional Phrases acting as adverbs

Unit 7 Tenses – Simple tense; Perfect Tense; Imperfect (Progressive or Continuous) Tense; Verb Phrases – Word order and diagramming

Unit 8 Parts of Speech – Pronouns – Definition of a pronoun; Personal pronouns; Person, Number, Gender, Case; Other pronouns

Unit 9 Parts of Speech – Conjunctions & Interjections – Coordinating conjunctions; Subordinating conjunctions; Interjections

Unit 10 Parts of Speech – Clauses – Phrases and Clauses; Independent and Dependent clauses; Sentence Fragments

Unit 11 Review and Introduction to Writing – Sentence patterns; reversed sentence order; collective nouns; exact nouns & verbs; colourful adjectives

Unit 12 Writing – Paragraphs including topic sentences etc ; outlining; Text types Colloquial/Formal

English 1085-1096

English 1085-1096

1085 Review handwriting rules; identify the subject and verb of a sentence; distinguish between sentences and sentence fragments; identify and diagram declarative, exclamatory, interrogative and imperative sentences; learn about simple subject and predicates; identify and diagram compound subjects and verbs; learn about subject/verb agreement.

1086 Learn the two kinds of verbs – action and linking; learn what follows an action verb in a sentence pattern; learn what follows a linking verb in a sentence pattern; diagram sentence patterns; learn the two uses of verbs; learn that action verbs have active and passive voice.

1087 Review action and linking verbs; learn the four principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; learn to form the simple tenses from the principal parts of a verb: present, past, future.

1088 Review the simple tenses of verbs; learn to form the perfect tenses of verbs; learn to write the six tenses of a verb in one person; learn how verbs show continuing action; learn how verbs show emphasis; learn to use troublesome verbs correctly.

1089 Learn to identify nouns; learn how nouns work in sentences; learn to form the plurals and possessives of nouns; learn that nouns as subjects must agree with verbs.

1090 Review nouns; learn six classes of pronouns; learn the three cases of personal pronouns and how they are used; learn that pronouns as subjects must agree with verbs; review diagramming of subjects and verbs.

1091 Learn to identify adjectives and adverbs; learn the degrees of comparison for adjectives and adverbs; learn to diagram adjectives and adverbs; learn to identify prepositions, conjunctions and interjections; learn to diagram prepositional phrases.

1092 Review the eight parts of speech; learn that a word can function as more than one part of speech; learn to identify sentence patterns; learn to diagram sentence patterns.

1093 Review the functions of the eight parts of speech; learn about infinitives, gerunds and participles; learn about phrases and clauses; learn about simple, compound and complex sentences; practise diagramming simple, compound and complex sentences.

1094 Learn to identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences; learn to improve sentences using exact nouns, descriptive phrases, interesting verbs, comparisons, adjectives and adverbs; learn to write topic sentences; learn about the four kinds of paragraphs; proofreading work.

1095 Learn and practise punctuation rules; learn to write friendly letters and business letters; learn to address envelopes.

1096 Practise using the dictionary; learn and practise capitalization rules; learn to write an outline; learn to write paragraphs from an outline; learn to write a short biographical report.

English 1097-1108

English 1097-1108

Resource books: Swiss Family Robinson; Twice Freed

1097 Learn about the history of language; learn to use a concordance; learn to use a thesaurus; learn about the encyclopaedia; review the eight parts of speech; learn about outlines – sentence and topic; write a biographical sketch from an outline.

1098 Learn to identify functions of nouns; learn to form the plurals of nouns; learn to form the singular and plural possessives of nouns; learn to use nouns to improve writing skills; review and practise outlining; write a short biographical sketch.

1099 Learn to identify functions of verbs: action/linking, transitive/intransitive; learn about active and passive voice; learn to use troublesome verbs; learn to use verbs in good writing.

1100 Review verbs: principal parts of verbs, tenses of verbs, progressive form and emphatic mood; begin reading and analyzing The Swiss Family Robinson.

1101 Learn to identify the elements of a short story or novel; gain further insights into The Swiss Family Robinson; learn figures of speech – simile, metaphor; personification, hyperbole; learn to use chronological order, spatial order, and order of importance to develop paragraphs; learn to identify and properly use personal, compound, interrogative, demonstrative, relative and indefinite pronouns.

1102 Practise subject-verb agreement; learn to identify adjectives and adverbs; learn the degrees of comparison for adjectives and adverbs; learn to identify interjections and conjunctions; learn to identify adjective and adverb phrases and clauses.

1103 Learn about verbals; revise punctuation; revise and letter writing.

1104 Review punctuation; review capitalization rules; review recognition of sentence fragments and run-on sentences; review simple, compound and complex sentences.

1105 Review the eight parts of speech; review phrases and clauses clauses; learn about poetry.

1106 Learn about poetry; learn the seven basic sentence patterns; practise diagraming simple sentences; develop writing skills in comparison and contrast.

1107 Review the basic sentence patterns; review diagramming simple sentences; learn to diagram compound and complex sentences; learn the parts of a book; learn to use the library; begin reading and analyzing the book Twice Freed.

1108 Learn about exposition, complication, and resolution of story plots; continue reading and analyzing Twice Freed; answer essay questions.

English 1109-1120

English (1109-1120)

Resource books: God’s Tribesman; The Hiding Place

1109 Learn the parts of a paragraph; learn to develop paragraphs by using examples, facts, reasons and details; learn the four kinds of paragraphs: descriptive, expository, narrative and persuasive; formulate a plan for writing each kind of paragraph.

1110 Learn the characteristics of a good biography; read the biography God’s Tribesman; learn and apply capitalization rules; learn and apply the rules for writing quotation marks; learn and apply comma rules; review the method for answering essay questions.

1111 Review the capitalization and punctuation rules; learn the definition, classification and function of nouns; learn and practise the rules for forming the plural and possessives of nouns; review outlining.

1112 Review the eight parts of speech and the eight noun functions; learn to identify the simple subject, simple predicate, complete subject and complete predicate; learn to identify and form six tenses; learn the principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; learn to conjugate a verb in all six tenses; learn about the progressive form and emphatic form.

1113 Review the kinds, functions, and voices of verbs; review nouns and their functions; learn the kinds of pronouns and how they function; learn to use the troublesome verb pairs correctly; learn about subject-verb agreement; learn to write a bibliography.

1114 Review the eight parts of speech and eight noun functions; learn the characteristics of adjectives; learn the characteristics of adverbs; learn the degrees of comparison for adjectives and adverbs; identify the function of prepositional phrases and clauses; identify interjections and the four kinds of conjuntions; learn about word etymologies; learn to write a bibliography.

1115 Examine the setting, plot and characters of The Hiding Place; begin reading The Hiding Place; examine some things about the author’s style; learn to identify participles, gerunds, and infinitives; see how the use of participles can improve our writing.

1116 Learn the meaning and pronunciation of new vocabulary words in The Hiding Place; use the new words in writing; review the plot of The Hiding Place; review verbals; learn the characteristics of biographies and autobiographies; answer essay question about The Hiding Place.

1117 Review the characteristics of biographies and autobiographies; write a chapter of your autobiography; review the parts of speech; review phrases and clauses.

1118 Reivew the eight parts of speech and the eight noun functions; review the seven basic sentence patterns; identify sentence patterns; diagram sentences; practise answering essay questions.

1119 Review how to use the library; review the use of reference books; learn about the Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature; learn to use notecards and source; use source cards to write a bibliography.

1120 Learn about the purpose and style of newspaper articles; learn to write newspaper articles; learn the form and purpose of social letters; learn the form and purpose of business letters; learn to write a letter of application.

English 1121-1132 (American Literature)

English – American Literature (1121-1132)

Resource book: In His Steps

1121 Read and evaluate American literature from the Colonial Period; identify complete sentences, sentence fragments and run-on sentences; revise rules for subject-verb agreement.

1122 Read and evaluate American literature from the Period of Independence; learn about verb tenses, moods, kinds, functions and voices.

1123 Read and evaluate American literature from the Founding Period; learn about the eight functionsof nouns, plural and possessive form, and classifications of nouns.

1124 Read and evaluate American literature from the Expansion Period; learn about personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite and relative pronouns.

1125 Read and evaluate more American literature from the Expansion Period; learn about adjectives and adverbs; identify adjectives and adverbs, adjectival and adverbial phrases, adjectival and adverbial clauses.

1126 Read a history from the Expansion Period; learn about and write examples of the four kinds of paragraphs – descriptive, narrative, expository and persuasive; learn to plan an essay; write an essay.

1127 Read and evaluate American literature from the Period of National Struggle; review the steps for writing good essays; plan and write an essay.

1128 Read and evaluate American literature from the Transition Period; review conjunctions and prepositions; learn about independent elements: interjections, the expletive “there”, and nominative absolutes.

1129 Learn about the novel as a literary form; get an overview of the classic novels Ben-Hur and Hans Brinker, or, The Silver Skates; learn about and identify verbals: gerunds, participles and infinitives.

1130 Apply the elements of the novel learned in PACE 1129 and write a short story; introduce a sampling of American authors of the Modern Period; read and evaluate selections from the Bible as they relate to life in Modern America; read and evaluate a speech by William J. Bryan concerning the Bible and evolution.

1131 Plan and begin writing a research paper; select a topic; make a working bibliography; make a preliminary outline; use note cards for taking notes.

1132 Review the first four steps in developing a research paper; complete the research paper; review and practise the rules of punctuation and capitalization.

English 1133-1144 (British Literature)

English – British Literature (1133-1144)

Resource books: Rime of the Ancient Mariner; Silas Marner

1133 Read and evaluate British literature from A.D. 449 to A.D. 1475; review and practice punctuation and capitalization rules in activities relating to graduation; learn the pronunciation, spelling, and definition of selected words.

1134 Read and evaluate British literature from the Tudor Period; review the eight parts of speech, the eight noun functions, the seven basic sentence patterns, and diagramming; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1135 Read and evaluate English prose from the Elizabethan age; review subject and verb agreement; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1136 Read and evaluate British literature from the beginning of the seventeenth century; review phrases and clauses.

1137 Read and evaluate British literature from the end of the seventeenth century; review the four classifications of writing: exposition, description, narration, and persuasion; understand and practise parallelism in writing.

1138 Read and evaluate British literature from the Augustan Age (1700-1745); learn to identify and correct misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1139 Read and evaluate British literature from the second half of the eighteenth century; learn practical ways to use the dictionary and thesaurus.

1140 Read and evaluate British literature from the Romantic Period; read and evaluate The Rime of the Ancient Mariner; become familiar with the steps used in paraphrasing.

1141 Read and evaluate British prose and fiction of the Victorian Age; read and evaluate the novel Silas Marner; learn about connotation and denotation; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1142 Learn accuracy in answering essay questions; lead and evaluate British literature from the Victorian Age (1832-1901); learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1143 Read and evaluate British literature and authors from the Modern Era (1901-1945); learn principles of discernment for interpreting literature; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

1144 Survey British history of the Modern Era (1945-present); learn methods for preparing a speech; prepare and deliver a speech; learn the pronunciation, spelling and definition of more selected words.

English Composition 1

English Composition I (1-10)

A study of the fundamentals of English composition: grammar, parts of speech, punctuation, mechanics, spelling, and the actual construction of sentences, paragraphs, and compositions.

1 Commonly misused words, useless words and phrases, and overused expressions.

2 Guidelines to better spelling: Homonyms and pseudohomonyms; pronunciation and spelling; suffixes; spelling rules

3 Nouns: Classifying nouns; forming plural nouns; making nouns possessive

4 Personal Pronouns: Antecedents; pronouns in sentences; pronouns in clauses

5 Verbs: Subject-verb agreement; tense; other qualities of verbs

6 Adjectives and Adverbs

7 Conjunctions and Prepositions

8 Punctuating for Clarity: End punctuation; internal punctuation; other punctuation

9 The Mechanics of Writing: Abbreviating; hyphenating; numbering

10 Sentences, Paragraphs and Compositions

English Composition 2

English Composition 2

This course looks at story-telling and essay writing. There is a fair amount of writing in these PACEs.

1 An introduction to composition: the overview; the proper division; the elements of a story.

2 The Introduction: An opening statement; a statement of purpose; a statement of organization

3 Exemplification (illustration by example): Necessity for exemplification; qualities of exemplification; patterns of exemplification

4 Comparison and Contrast: Three patterns; three models. Choosing a topic of comparison and contrast; Writing a composition of comparison and contrast

5 Definition: lexical definition; functional definition; extended definition

6 Description and Narration (storytelling)

7 Process analysis: Historical analysis, functional analysis, and instructional analysis

8 Argumentation and logic: Methods of argumentation; fallacies in argumentation; construction of argumentation

9 Revision: Revising for ideas; revising for coherence; revising for mechanics; proofreading

10 Personal Essay: Distinguishing between formal and informal essays; determining a purpose; selecting specific and significant detail; evaluating selection of language

Speech

SPEECH 1 – 6

Support DVDs available

1 To understand the Christian’s responsibility in speaking; To learn proper breathing techniques; To improve the projection of sound; To add variety to the rate of speech by the use of duration of sound

2 To learn how the voice is produced; To achieve vocal purity by improved resonance; To identify natural pitch; To add variety in pitch through inflections and steps; To avoid the monotone

3 To learn to articulate sounds properly; To understand the importance of correct pronunciation; To identify the effects of different dialects; To learn the best choice of vocabulary; To learn how pause, stress, and pitch affect speaking

4 To learn effective gesturing; To recognize bad habits of posture; To learn proper use of the lectern; To develop effective facial expressions; To improve eye contact; To make gestures meaningful; To eliminate nervous gestures

5 To become mentally & physically prepared for public speaking; To identify the symptoms of stage fright; To convert nervous tension into positive energy; To learn how to relax on stage; To speak with emotion and enthusiasm

6 To communicate with the use of multiple personalities; To employ the speaker’s “v”; To learn how to mark a script; To improve memorization skills; To master a speech through rehearsals; To learn self – evaluation